What is civil engineering? Types And Complete Guide

Spread the love

Civil engineering is everything that you see designing and development around us. In civil engineering, Engineers make the design of building a bridge and everything that is constructed.

What is civil engineering?

Civil engineering is everything that you see designing and development around us. In civil engineering, Engineers make the design of building a bridge and everything that is constructed. Civil engineers are responsible for how a given population or company is able to move around.

Civil engineering is most often used in the construction of roads and bridges, so it’s important to recognize that while civil engineers design and build these things, they are only half the job. The other half is to keep them in good working order.

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) estimates that roughly $216 billion is spent on infrastructure each year. But costs are going up and for every project that gets put up, the only thing that will survive is the one in the best shape.

And even that’s not guaranteed. So, if you have the money, go for the best. If you don’t, then these sites offer some great ideas on how you can minimize maintenance.

Types of Civil Engineering

  • Construction and Management Engineering.
  • Geotechnical Engineering.
  • Structural Engineering.
  • Transport Engineering.
  • Water Engineering.
  • Environmental Engineering.
  • Coastal Engineering.
  • Earthquake Engineering.

What skills do I need to be a civil engineer?

Basic levels of understanding about the physical structure of our planet and how it all works should be expected of a new engineer. But most engineering students also learn how to write reports, use spreadsheets and put things together into a coherent design.

How do I become a civil engineer?

First, you must take some basic exams. These include ICHE, in which students learn about structural integrity, water use, and transportation, and ENPME, which focuses on flooding. Then, you’ll take more exam exams, culminating in the PSCE exam, which is the foundation exam for the engineer registration exam. These exams vary in difficulty level. A typical engineering student would take a year or more to finish the PSCE.

Why is civil engineering so challenging?

You have to design a foundation that supports you and your structure. You have to consider forces that act on your structure, like gravity. There’s friction in the soil you’re trying to move. You have to take it through a process of testing. If you’re building a bridge, you’ve got to be certain that the weight of the structure isn’t going to cause it to collapse.

You also have to consider all of the needs of people who may be traveling on the bridge, or on your roads and buildings. What does a civil engineer learn from handling hazardous materials? We don’t deal with nuclear materials, but we deal with chemical and biological materials. If I’m building a building, there’s a whole other set of things to keep in mind for safety and environmental protection.

Where do I start?

Well, not in your back yard. To get a diploma in civil engineering you have to go to an institution that accepts students from outside the UK, which can be a problem. Civil engineering as a discipline has a long and interesting history, dating back to at least the 4th Century BC. Since then there have been huge changes in how engineers viewed and approached their work.

Typically, in ancient times engineers weren’t too concerned about whether people would like their infrastructure. In fact, they often built things to try and make the people living in the area ‘better’ (or safer, or more comfortable) for them. However, with the industrial revolution in the 19th Century, there was a shift in thinking, with engineers working hard to make their work more socially acceptable.


In addition to three interesting new sites in geography and statistics, I included a write-up on specific physical phenomena found in all the geological images below. If you’d like to read more about the data we collected, check out the full data set, and the tools we used to generate it.

Leave a Comment